An exhibition showcasing architectural models last week gave visitors an opportunity to explore the sustainability aspect of architecture.

The ‘Immersive Exhibition’ showcased maquettes -- small preliminary models of architectural projects -- created by students for their sustainable schools. Participating schools were eligible to win a sustainable school award for 2017.

Last week's event was conceived by Raymus Laurence, a young Seychellois architectural draftsman, to see how people envision sustainability in architecture and inspire others to consider ways of incorporating it into their designs.

Raymus Laurence conceived the 'Immersive Exhibition' so viewers could explore sustainability in architecture. (Joe Laurence, Seychelles News Agency)  Photo License: CC-BY

Laurence said that his work involves not only accommodating the client’s architectural vision but also takes into account the footprint left behind in the world. Innovating building spaces to incorporate nature’s wonders into the design is Laurence’s foremost aim.

“I believe that my contribution is not just about design but also using my professional skills to shape a better quality of life and ensure that it lasts for future generations, by reducing the footprint we leave behind,” he said. 

The exhibition was also used to raise the level of engagement among youth about various Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) set by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). This is in line with the SDG 9 -- innovation and infrastructure and SDG 11 -- sustainable cities and communities.

“Everyone deserves the right to live in safe, resilient and sustainable communities, I just wanted to find an innovative way to display this for everyone to see and appreciate,” added the young architectural draftsman.

The ‘Immersive Exhibition’ showcased maquettes created by students for their sustainable schools. (Joe Laurence, Seychelles News Agency)  Photo License: CC-BY

The Immersive Exhibition will be done annually and target several Sustainable Development Goals along the way. The theme will change according to the targeted SDGs.  

Laurence hopes that his project will educate secondary schools, professional centres, the University of Seychelles and not for profit organisations on the Sustainable Development Goals 9 and 11. He also hopes to encourage the private sectors and government to take into consideration the ideas and talents of youth in implementing those ideas into their school and other ways to construct school more effectively.

There are 17 Sustainable Development Goals adopted by countries on September 25, 2015. The goals aim at ending poverty, protecting the planet, and ensuring prosperity for all as part of a new sustainable development agenda. Each goal has specific targets to be achieved over the next 15 years.

SNA presents a collection of photos from the exhibition. (Joe Laurence, Seychelles News Agency)  Photo License: CC-BY

New patterns of rainfall distribution are emerging in Seychelles compared to two decades ago, the Meteorological Services says.

With the island nation now in its rainy season -- October to February -- Chief Executive Vincent Amelie said that 20 years ago it was normal to experience two to three days of continuous rainfall.

“Whereas now there are heavy but short rainfalls usually lasting 30 minutes,” said Amelie.

The chief executive explained that the short and heavy rainfall is not helpful for water conservation.

“The rainfall often does not have time to be absorbed into the soil and reach the rivers; instead they can create flash floods,” he said.

A climate change scenario conducted by the local Meteorological Services in 2009 had predicted that in the next 20 years, rainfall will continue to be short and heavy. The research had also shown that the dry season will be longer and drier.

Amelie said that although the Meteorological Services had predicted that the dry season would be drier and longer, “We have noticed that in the past five years, the dry season has actually gotten wetter.”

He said that although this is good news, the slight increase in rain is still not considered significant.

“This is why we are going to conduct a review of our 2009 climate change scenario to gain a better understanding of what is happening,” said the chief executive.

Seychelles’ geographical location ensures that there will always be rainfall in the 115-island archipelago in the western Indian Ocean. 

“Because we are near the equator, we know that although there is less rainfall than before, we will still always have rainfall. We simply need to find new ways to adapt to climate change.”

Amelie said that the ways in which Seychelles can adapt to climate change are vast and need to be tapped into.

“This includes exploiting the cash months of heavy rainfall, investing in new technology to maximise water collection, creating more desalination plants and much more,” he added.

In line with that, the Public Utilities Corporation is starting construction work this month to raise Seychelles' main reservoir -- La Gogue Dam -- to increase its water storage capacity. Once completed in 2019, the reservoir’s capacity will increase by 600,000 cubic metres, making its total storage capacity 1.6 million cubic metres.

So far there has not been a partial study of rainfall distribution in Seychelles to determine in which areas rainfall is heaviest or lightest. This is because automatic weather stations in areas other than at the airport are much more recent, and the study requires a minimum of at least 30 years before it can effectively analyse the climate. 

Port activities are expected to be scaled back by the start of December, as purse seiners come closer to their yellowfin tuna fishing allowances, a local port authority official told SNA.

The 13 purse seiners operating under the Seychelles’ flag have between 125 and 725 metric tonnes (MT) of yellowfin tuna left that they can catch this year. Vincent Lucas, an officer from the Seychelles Fishing Authority (SFA), estimated that “operations would go on for roughly another month out of the remaining two” left in 2017.

“That does not mean that all vessels will stop operation come December 1. Some vessels can still manage two trips with their 725 MT remaining quota,” said Lucas.

He added that though operations will resume on January 1, it is only a month later that landing will take place. This will amount to another month of limited port activities.

The Indian Ocean Tuna Commission (IOTC) announced last year that yellowfin tuna was being over-exploited following a report of the scientific committee. To rebuild stock, the commission reduced the fishing allowance by 15 percent.

Seychelles, an archipelago in the western Indian Ocean, started implementing these measures on June 1. The local fishing authority monitored the trend of fishery during the first half of the year. After that, each vessel was allocated with a 1088 MT fishing allowance.

All Seychelles’ flagged vessels, except the Spanish, will spend approximately a month in port.

“The Spanish Administration has implemented a complete ban on yellowfin tuna, which became effective on November 5,” said Miguel Herrera, the joint manager of the Organisation of Associated Producers of Large Tuna Freezers (OPAGAC).

Purse seiners in the Seychelles Port of Victoria. (Seychelles News Agency) Photo License: CC-BY

The Spanish organisation told SNA that the adoption of this closure, which will go until the end of the year, was based on the estimated time at which the total-allowance-catch of yellowfin tuna was to be reached.

“The closure [led to a complete closure of the fishing activities of Spanish purse seiners in the Indian Ocean and therefore there will be no catches until activities are resumed,” said Herrera.

As purse seining is a multispecies fishery, the ban on catches of yellowfin tuna will be effectively extensible to other target species such as skipjack and bigeye tuna.

“Supply to the local canning factory in Seychelles will be discontinued until at least the third or fourth week of 2018. Most port services - fuel, water, salt, stevedores - will also be discontinued,” added Herrera.

The fishing sector is the second main contributor to the island nation’s economy, and the lack of activities could bring about “dire consequences to Seychelles livelihoods and the economy as a whole.”

Lucas said that in future, each vessel will know their exact quota before January 1.

“This will allow them to better manage it so that it lasts the entire year. Furthermore, we are proposing a reduction in days at sea, whereby after each trip the vessel remains in port for two to three days more, which will allow the quota to last longer,” said Lucas.

This suggestion was made at the beginning of the year by OPAGAC, which they said could have helped reduce the number of days at sea and as a proxy to reducing catches of yellowfin tuna.

During the time that the vessels will be at port, the foreign purse seiners can undertake their yearly maintenance in other ports in the region.

Eight international artists will join 11 Seychellois to participate in the Seychelles’ Biennale of Contemporary Arts, which will be launched later this month.  

The commissioner of the Biennale, Nigel Henri, said on Monday that all foreign artists are arriving on the island nation by November 10.

“The artists from Mauritius, La Reunion, Zambia and Canada, along with their Seychellois counterparts will then have five days to mount their displays and exhibits.”

Henry said that the works will include installations, sculptures, paintings, photography as well as videos. “Members of the jury – five in total, two locals and three foreigners - will as from the 15th go around to decide the winners.”

Henri said the official launching of this event will be held on Sunday, November 19 with the winners being announced on the 25th at a red carpet event at the International Conference Centre in Victoria. 

The works will include installations, sculptures, paintings, photography as well as videos.(Patrick Joubert, Seychelles News Agency) Photo License: CC-BY

The participants are competing for three awards - the Biennale of Contemporary Arts which is $5542 (SCR 75,000); the prominent artist award which is $1848 (SCR 25,000) for Seychellois artists only; and the innovative artist award which is also $1848 (SCR 25,000).

The Seychelles' Biennale of Contemporary Art was re-launched in June this year, after not being organised for the last 15 years. The event will allow Seychellois artists to work and compete in a friendly atmosphere with their counterparts from other countries.

Henri said the Biennale is a key platform for artistic exchange and cultural collaboration, and will also help contribute to the diversity and vitality of art in Seychelles – a group of islands in the western Indian Ocean.

“The exhibits and displays will be mounted at different locations in Victoria. We will have installations all around the National Cultural Centre, we will have displays in the art garden of the National Arts Council as well as at the Peace Park,” said the commissioner.

The artworks will be set up as an exhibition in the Carrefour des Arts. Henri said that along with the participants of the Biennale, there will also be guest artists who will be having exhibitions as side events.

Painting of Frances Chang-Him, one of the participants of the Biennale of Contemporary Art (Seychelles News Agency) Photo License: CC-BY

“They are not competitors but as we are using the event to promote and foster arts development as well as to engage members of the Seychellois public in art appreciation and development, this is the ideal opportunity for them to showcase themselves and their work,” said Henri.

The theme of the Biennale is “In A World of Crisis What Does Art Do?” where participants are expected to interpret how they see crisis happening all over in the world. 

German artist and painter Dagmar Schmidt is the curator of the event. Schmidt has been on the islands several times visiting different venues for the event as well as interacting with the local artists.

“I am impressed with the participation of the Seychellois both in terms of quality and quantity. I visited their studios and heard their different concepts. Overall Seychelles has a very good selection, they are very competent as well and will do well against the international participants.”

The Biennale of Contemporary Arts will open as an exhibition for the public until the end of January 2018.

There will be no elections for district council in Seychelles in 2018. Instead, seven regional councils will be established in the island nation as of next year, the president's office said last week. 

The decision was taken “following wide public consultations on the subject of local government elections as well as with bipartisan consensus at national political level,” the statement said.

The presidency, while debating the decision, took into account the costs of running councils in each of the 26 districts.

The districts will now be grouped into seven regional administrative regions, representing North, South, East, and West Mahe, two councils for Central Mahe, and one for the Inner Islands.

Elections for district councils next year had been announced by the president of Seychelles in his State of the Nation address in February.

For years, there has been pressure from the opposition to have district council elections as they felt district administrations were being controlled by Parti Lepep. Even though the government had announced its plans for local government elections, this issue was still under discussions.

The chair of the Linyon Demokratik Seselwa (LDS) – regrouping all opposition political parties in Seychelles – a group of 115 islands in western Indian Ocean - said that this decision is what the party was advocating for.

Roger Mancienne told SNA that “we felt that the proposal to have a district council was too heavy, as it needed too much resource and was not practical. That is why we wanted the consideration for a regional council which would have been more effective and easier to manage.”

Instead of elections for the regional councils next year, members will be appointed in accordance within an agreed bipartisan framework. Membership of each regional council will reflect the current political balance in the National Assembly.

However the decision not to have the elections has not been welcomed by all. The Association for RightsInformation and Democracy (ARID) feels that this is a missed opportunity for ordinary citizens to get the opportunity to get involved and have a say in the development of their districts.

Jules Hoareau, spokesperson of the association said, “Already we have politicians in the National Assembly. What we will see now is that the two ruling parties will nominate their own people to sit on the councils, making politicians having their say everywhere.”

He adds that the voice of the ordinary and private citizens will not be heard. 

Hoareau said he agrees that cost-wise it is best to have regional councils, but he feels that a simple election could have been held.

“We want an election because this a democratic and a fair way to get local people to elect their own representatives at local government level.”

Mancienne, however, stated that the decision not to have the elections now is only an interim measure, as this is expected to happen in the long-run.

“We are proposing that elections for regional councils are held at the same time with the next National Assembly elections, where people can nominate their representatives to be elected.”

Meanwhile, State House has said that district administration offices will continue to operate in each district, but as executive arms of their respective regional councils.

Planning to hike in the Seychelles? Then a new guidebook launched in Paris could be a useful tool.  

The guidebook, entitled ‘Hiking in Seychelles,’ is designed to help visitors and residents explore the nature trails and striking mountain regions of the island nation.

Hiking in Seychelles’ was launched in October by the Seychelles Tourism Board at one of Paris’ historical and architectural venues -- the Vivienne Gallery.

It is a promotional tool of around 80 pages providing detailed information on 15 trails spread across the four main islands of Seychelles -- Mahe, Praslin, La Digue and Silhouette.

The chief executive of the Seychelles Tourism Board, Sherin Francis, who was present at the launching, talked about the commonality between France and Seychelles when it comes to hiking.

The guidebook was launched in October by the Seychelles Tourism Board at the Vivienne Gallery in Paris. (Seychelles Tourism Board) Photo License: CC-BY

“Your customers, our visitors, your readers, and the journalists, certainly love to go hiking on the weekends, and there is no reason why they would not wish to do the same while on holiday in the Seychelles," Francis said.

The islands of Seychelles in the western Indian Ocean are popular for their tropical beauty. While many visitors prefer to laze on the amazing white sandy beaches, the more adventurous enjoy discovering the wilder side of the islands.

On most of the hiking trails, hikers can feast their eyes on the fascinating and diverse plant community which is unique to Seychelles. In most cases, an early start is recommended to avoid the sun and mountain mist which sometimes form later in the day. The reward is the incredible flora and fauna native to these areas, extraordinary biological heritage several historical ruins, stunning waterfall, and breath-taking views.

The guidebook has been co-authored by Rémy Ravon and Romain Latournerie and was conceived two years ago when they approached the Seychelles Tourism Board office in Paris.

The Board has assisted the authors with the required logistics, including mapping out the trails, measuring the hiking distance and identifying the best trails throughout the islands.

Francis said that hiking has become an additional tool in promoting Seychelles as a tourist destination.

“One more activity to promote, in the same way, we promote scuba diving or golf. It’s a popular activity, accessible to all and an ecological one, which should go a long way in helping us to protect a natural heritage,” she said.

STB’s regional director for Europe, Bernadette Willemin, was convinced that the guidebook will promote Seychelles’ biodiversity and encourage visitors to preserve the beautiful nature while discovering the lush greenery forests found on various trails.

The guidebook was presented to the press, travel trade partners including airlines, hotels, Destination Management Companies, tour operators and travel agencies in Paris, on Tuesday, October 17.

It is currently available in hard copies in both French and English. The digital version will be out soon and aside from English and French, it will also be available in Italian, German and Chinese.  

Seychellois society needs to become more sex-positive and embrace sexuality and sexual expression, says Seychelles’ first sexologist.

Maryline Hollanda, who recently joined the Ministry of Health, said sex is an important part of life irrespective of age and social construct.

Hollanda, who returned to her homeland three months ago after studying in Australia, said that she is also advocating for a comprehensive approach to education on human sexuality.

Currently, sexual education is included in the curriculum of Personal and Social Education (PSE) taught in state schools from primary to secondary levels. The subject, which also looks at citizenship and career guidance, was introduced in 1998.

 The Seychellois sexologist said that knowledge, understanding and developing attitudes on sexual identity, relationships and intimacy is a lifelong process. She added that the Seychellois society still treats sex as a taboo. 

Hollanda said that choosing sexology for a career was not a difficult choice because as a teenager she was a peer counsellor.

 “I had the opportunity to broaden my knowledge about sexual reproductive health issues. Eventually, I decided to pursue a career in teaching,” said Hollanda.

 After a Bachelor of Education and while teaching at various schools around Western Australia, Hollanda found out that young people have many questions about their sexuality as well as sexual and reproductive health. 

“It is the same thing here in Seychelles and these questions were not being answered accurately or positively,” she said.

The sexologist explained that this can result in a lot of misconceptions, myths and misinformation and furthermore, “there were very few teachers willing or comfortable enough to teach sexuality education in schools.”

Hollanda did a Masters in sexology and combined with her teaching degree she is well qualified to become a sexuality educator.

She already manages two Facebook pages for the Ministry of Health -- 'youth safer sex awareness' and 'sexual and reproductive health Seychelles.'

 Hollanda said that she will focus on the necessary skills and knowledge needed for individuals to build positive and healthy relationships with their partners and focus a bit more on intimate relationships rather than just the sex act itself.

Responding to questions from SNA, Rosy Denis from the Association for the Promotion of Solid Humane Families, which works closely with couples said, “it will be up to couples to seek for her services.”

The month of September was dedicated to sexual awareness by the Ministry of Health which coincided with World Sexual Health Day on September 4th

Various activities were organised to mobilise communities and all partners of the island nation, a group of 115 islands in the west of the Indian Ocean, to take action to promote a healthy sexual life. 

Developers of an award-winning luxury beach-front apartments project have completed phase one of their venture and are ready to welcome the first residents by the end of November.

Vincent and Georgia Van Heyste, the husband-wife developer team of the project, told SNA that they have received their partial occupation certificate from the local planning authorities for Block A.

“I am furnishing a few of the apartments and by the end of November, it should be done, at which point the buyers can start moving in,” Georgia, told SNA.

Georgia has worked with two renowned property development companies - Candy & Candy in London, and Kondylis Design in New York - as interior designers.  Together with her husband, they own Panosco Properties that was established by Panos Papakokinos, Georgia’s father.

Block A was part of phase one of the construction of the luxury apartments dubbed Pangia Beach, located in Providence.During the first stage of construction, the developers also completed some of the amenities that will be on site - a clubhouse with an infinity pool, a gym, parking areas and garages.

A view of block A completed in phase one of the project. (Pangia Beach) Photo License: All Rights Reserved

With the completion of phase one, Vincent said that “the pace of sale has dramatically picked up.”

“People now see one complete building and the others also going up. That, along with knowing the end date of the project, gives them comfort,” said Vincent.

Pangia Beach was originally planned to have 33 units, varying from one- to three- bedroom apartments and penthouses, spread over four blocks. At the moment, only ten apartments and three penthouses are still up for grabs. The lowest price for a one-bedroom apartment is $460,000 and the highest $2.65 million for a penthouse. 

In June this year, Panosco Properties opened a stylish four-bedroom show apartment, which provided buyers with the opportunity to experience what Pangia Beach has to offer.

The apartment, just like the others, offers breathtaking views of both the ocean and the mountainscape of Seychelles. To provide the highest quality of comfort to the buyers all apartments, just like the show apartment, are fitted with modern and state-of-the-art finishes and appliances.

A view of the bedroom, living room and kitchen of the Pangia apartments. (Pangia Beach) Photo License: All Rights Reserved


Will new property tax dampen business?

The government of the 115-island archipelago in the western Indian Ocean will be introducing a tax on foreign-owned properties in Seychelles next July.

Since most of the buyers of Pangia Beach are foreigners, Vincent said that the tax might have an impact on buyers' decisions. However, he felt that 0.25 percent tax on the value of the property is reasonable.

“When you deal with clients, honesty and transparency are important, so we explained upfront the cost that will come [with the purchase] and as a result, the buyers are in a better position to make calculations,” said Vincent.

Pangia Beach as an investment

The name ‘Pangia’ represents the first three letters in Panos and the last three in Georgia. Talking about the large investment, the developers said that they never doubted the feasibility of the project.

“Very early on, we got the confirmation that we were on the right track as we won the Best Residential Development in Africa," said Vincent.

Georgia and Vincent Van Heyste won the award at the 2015 International Property Award summit for Africa & Arabia. (Pangia Beach) Photo License: All Rights Reserved

The project was designed by a South African architectural firm, SAOTA, and built by Laxmanbhai, a construction company with over 37 years of experience.

“Splitting the project into more phases will not be helpful to the buyer because they will live too close to construction. We obviously are not finished yet, but I think that we are definitely on track for this to be a successful project,” Vincent.

The Heyste’s also own an apartment at Pangia Beach. “It gives our buyers a lot of confidence given the fact that we will be living here ourselves and that our apartment will be no different in terms of finishes or look,” said Georgia.

President Danny Faure of Seychelles shared details of the programmes driving the economic engine of the island nation at the Global Business Forum on Africa on Thursday.

Faure was speaking on the final day of the high-level forum organised by the Dubai Chamber of Commerce from November 1-2.

Seychelles, an archipelago in the western Indian Ocean, embarked on a macroeconomic reform programme in November 2008 to address external debt difficulties. The island nation requested the assistance of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to put the domestic economy on a sustainable path.

In his State of the Nation’s address in February, Faure had said, “It is clear that together we have put in place a strong macroeconomic framework which has allowed us to reach our current point.  We have a solid base from which to launch ourselves into the next decade from an economic and financial perspective.”

Although a small island developing state, Seychelles has shown remarkable leadership in areas such as the Blue Economy and maritime security. The island nation has received the support of the World Bank to issue the first Blue Bonds in support of sustainable fisheries, a debt swap to develop a marine spatial plan of the island nation’s Exclusive Economic Zone and designate 30 percent as marine protected areas,

At the ocean Conference last month, Faure had said that “Maritime security is an extremely important component of the sustainable development of the ocean economy. One of the expected results of the blue economy strategy is greater protection for Seychelles’ ocean space.”

The president of the island nation told the 1,200 delegates at the Forum of “the important role of transparency, accountability and good governance and the building of strong institutions as the way forward to meet the challenges of our times.

Faure also called on governments and the private sector to build a new alliance and a stronger partnership that will allow Africa to use the opportunities created by new technologies to catapult the improvement in the quality of life of its citizens.

The Global Business Forum on Africa has become a reliable platform for exploring the continent’s economic outlook both current and future and this is evident in the number of high-profile participants from Africa in the event since it started in 2013. 

Saturday, 04 November 2017 00:00

6 extinct birds once found

Well known for its rich biodiversity and unique natural beauty, the Seychelles’ archipelago is also a leader and champion in conservation and environmental issues. The island nation places a lot of importance on the protection of its endemic species but alas some have already been extinct.

SNA presents six birds that used to be seen in the Seychelles but have today completely disappeared.

 

1. Aldabra warbler

This species was first discovered in 1967 located on Malabar on the, Aldabra atoll. Endemic to the atoll which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, after November 1975, scientists observed only males in the area, with the last sighting in 1983. It is believed that predators such as rats are responsible for the extinction of this species.

(Salifa Karapetyan, Seychelles News Agency) Photo License: CC-BY

 

2. The Seychelles parakeet

Also known as Seychelles island parrot, this species was green in colour with a red beak and a red patch on its wing. The Seychelles parakeet was first recorded in 1811 and it is suspected to have become extinct due to intense persecution by farmers and coconut plantation owners. The species which was as seen as pests and detrimental for the plantations was endemic to Mahe and Silhouette and sighted once on Praslin. British ornithologist Edward Newton first noted in 1876 that the population was under threat. Famous artist Marianne North painted a pair of Seychelles parakeet on Mahe in 1883. The species were last recorded in 1893.

(Salifa Karapetyan, Seychelles News Agency) Photo License: CC-BY

 

3. The Seychelles yellow white-eye

This species was also known as Seychelles chestnut-sided white-eye and Marianne white-eye was a small bird in the white-eye family. It was from the small granitic islet of Marianne Island hence its other name. There are unconfirmed reports that they were also found on PraslinLa DigueSilhouette and Mahe. Due to habitat destruction through agricultural development, it presumably became extinct around 1888. A specimen can be found in the Natural History Museum in London.

(Salifa Karapetyan, Seychelles News Agency) Photo License: CC-BY

 

4. Seychelles pink-backed pelican

The pink-backed pelican was once found as a colony of around 100 on the St. Joseph Atoll in the Amirantes, a group of coral islands of the Seychelles. In 1892, American William Abbott collected a specimen of the pink back pelican and described them as the only colony in ‘these seas’. By the 1930s, the species was extinct. It is believed that the pink black pelican disappeared after its habitats were destroyed. 

(Salifa Karapetyan, Seychelles News Agency) Photo License: CC-BY 

 

5. Purple swamphen

Also known as poule bleue (blue chicken) because of its colour -- the species was first mentioned by the Marion Dufresne’s expedition in 1768. With colourful blue feathers and vivid red beak and feet, the species was first seen in the northwest of the main islad Mahe, but later found to be all over the island. The expedition reportedly killed one and described it as resembling a large chicken. A sub-district in the southern district of Baie Lazare is named after it -- Anse Aux Poules Bleues.

(Salifa Karapetyan, Seychelles News Agency) Photo License: CC-BY 

 

6.   Abbott’s booby

These seabirds were spotted and lived on the island of Assumption, a small island around 1, 135 kilometres southwest of Mahe. In 1895 it was described that “boobies and fous of different kinds were seen in trees all over the island.” In 1908, a settlement was built on the island to mine guano -- the excrement of the seabirds. This proved detrimental to the colony as trees and other vegetation were destroyed and the birds lost their habitat. The boobies were also exploited for their meat. By 1916 the species were all destroyed.

(Salifa Karapetyan, Seychelles News Agency) Photo License: CC-BY 
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